Why Fusion Biopsy is trending in the healthcare sector. Here’s What You Need to Know about Fusion Biopsy. The growing incidence of prostate cancer is directly related to the increasing demand for biopsy, and therefore rising deployment rate of multiparametric MRI for the treatment and care of prostate cancer. This growing incidence of several types of cancer is putting an extra burden on the healthcare system and the demand for medical equipment. This is resulting in a huge demand for MRI ultrasound along with biopsy systems that are used in the treatment processes as they are effective in the diagnosis of the tumor.
Diagnostic methods of prostate cancer
For diagnosis and detection of prostate cancer, the primary diagnostic test comprises Digital Rectal Examination (DRE) and Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) as they are more affordable and accessible. Though the PSA test is largely used for the detection of benign tumors that results in pointless invasive procedures as well as it costs higher. Thus, there is an increasing demand for a more specific and sensitive screening method for the detection of prostate cancer. At the same time, many risks are associated with surgical intervention such as erectile dysfunction, urinary tract infection, excessive bleeding, and urinary incontinence. Because of that such medical procedures are needed which involves little invasion, and fusion biopsy is somewhat serving this need.
What is Fusion Biopsy?
A biopsy is a medical procedure in which a tissue sample is taken from the suspected organ of the body for close examination. Most often, the biopsy is done to detect the occurrence of cancer. There are many types of biopsies like needle biopsy, ultrasound-guided biopsy, CT-guided biopsy, bone marrow biopsy, etc. Imaging tests are done to detect the tumor area but they are not able to differentiate between cancerous and non-cancerous cells. Fusion biopsy is a modified and advanced form of biopsy which combines magnetic resonance with ultrasound to detect cancerous cells. Fusion biopsy is also called targeted MR/ultrasound biopsy. It has become an important medical tool for diagnosing prostate cancer.
How does Fusion Biopsy work?
In fusion biopsy, for the detection of prostate cancer, pre-biopsy images are used along with an ultrasound-guided biopsy. Prostate biopsies are mostly performed in the guidance of transrectal ultrasound. First, MRI is done for the patient’s prostate areas to detect the suspected area, which is followed by an ultrasound-guided biopsy. The images obtained from the MRI are fused with the images of an ultrasound-guided biopsy in real-time. This gives an accurate image and helps in guiding the physician to better conclude the result.
The benefits of fusion biopsy
- From the MRI images, pre-biopsy visualization makes biopsy easy to perform.
- Since there is no invasion, so it is less painful.
- The chances of bleeding and infection are also reduced.
- Fusion biopsy is helpful in accurate detection of the suspected area of tumors in the prostate and breast.
- A very little tissue sample is required for the biopsy to be performed.
- Fusion Biopsy is helpful in the early detection of cancer.
Cost of fusion biopsy
The major limitation with the fusion biopsy adoption in the diagnostic procedure is its high cost. Many companies have launched a highly portable and low-cost MRI that is expected to lower the cost of fusion biopsy. The key companies are stressing more on R&D to develop advancement in hardware and software solutions to rationalize the workflow of the targeted MRI/US fusion biopsy.
Limited access to fusion biopsy in rural areas
According to several studies, the success rate of prostate biopsy combined with traditional core biopsy is about 33%, while the MR/US fusion biopsy has the success rate ranging from 58-70%. Thus, the need for a repeat biopsy is eliminated by fusion biopsy and therefore it also minimizes additional healthcare costs and patient discomfort. The increasing occurrence of prostate cancer in rural areas where there is limited access to healthcare service is one of the factors that will drive the demand for fusion biopsy.
The medical imaging technology that is accompanied by computer animation has played a significant role in the diagnostic system. Nowadays with the advancement in the technologies, hybrid hardware systems are available in which PET AND CT scanners are combined. Advancements have also been made in software modeling techniques and these are expected to enhance the biopsy system. All these technological advancements are likely to improve fusion biopsy performance.
The bottom line
The Fusion Biopsy Market has been witnessing rapid growth due to increased incidences of prostate cancer. Fusion biopsy is considered as the most reliable method of detection of prostate and breast cancer. The increase in the deployment rate of multiparametric MRI for the treatment and care of prostate cancer is one of the factors expected to boost the market of fusion biopsy in the coming years.
The government initiatives are increasing in terms of spreading awareness, funding research, and conducting mass screening programs that are related to prostate cancer care, and treatment is anticipated to play a vital role in boosting the market. With the advancement of technology, hybrid hardware systems are available in which PET and CT scanners are combined that give high-resolution images thereby, it will enhance the performance of the fusion biopsy system.